Posts Tagged 'Urban Planning'

Historical Institutionalism

The institutional approach offers a comprehensive analytical tool to overview institutional influence to variations in regional economic performance. The literature shows that neoclassical quantitative research is inadequate to explained economic development as it lacks to analyze institutions as the rule of economic agent behaviour and failure to recognize the role of historical embeddedness (North, 1994). The neoclassical economy focus on operation of the market and treat it as a single and independent subject leads to its lack of understanding on how and what really driven the economic development.

Specifically, this research applies historical institutionalism approach, refers to the study of how social and political institution structure interactions influence distinctive national trajectories (Hall and Taylor, 1996). The distinctive trajectories lies in the political theories, which institutions of polity and economic structure conflicts that causes unevenness, and in the structuralism that saw polities and economic as the principal factor of collective action and generating different outcomes. This study employs historical institutionalism to overview ways of variation in preexisting institutions, at local and national levels, that determine the degree of local capacity to establish institutions and policies necessary in economic development. This research studies the two characters of historical institutional approach, which are the critical juncture and feedback effects (Ikenberry, 1994), in understanding the persistent of Indonesian regional economic divergence.

London Great Fire and Town Planning 1666

In the seventeenth century, London was already a big and important trading city. Approximately, there are 400,000 inhabitants in London, including Westminster, Southwark, and other new quarters outside the wall. As a description, in those periods, London was already a wealthy and heterogeneous city.
The fire broke in the evening of September 1st and ceased in September 6th, before it broke again and really stops after a few months.
Read more here…

Kawasan WaterFront: Pemanfataan Keindahan Alam untuk Kenyamanan Masyarakat

Saat ini sangat dirasakan bahwa kota-kota besar di Indonesia belum memiliki wahan publik yang memadai. Salah satu kawasan kota yang dapat dijadikan tempat bagi masyarakat berinteraksi adalah kawasan tepi pantai/waterfront. Namun, kawasan ini belum dimanfaatkan secara tepat dan terpadu.
Karena dekat dengan pusat kegiatan perkotaan, kawasan tepi sungai umumnya sangat padat penduduk pendatang dan menjadi kawasan kumuh. Keberadaan perumahan liar dan pemanfatan sungai untuk keperluan sehari-hari mengakibatkan tingginya persoalan perkotaan seperti sampah, air kotor dan persoalan kesehatan lainnya. Dengan kondisi tersebut, kawasan tepi sungai menjadi kumuh dan aliran sungai menjadi tidak lancar. Hal ini menjadi salah satu penyebab banjir tahunan di Jakarta. Read more here…

Perkembangan Ilmu Perencanaan Kota

Perkembangan konsep perencanaan wilayah dan kota terbagi pada beberapa periode yang berbeda pada tiap negara. Berikut adalah pembagian berdasarkan periode dengan perbedaan yang sangat signifikan secara umum

a) Konsep Pengembangan Kota Tahun 1800 – 1945
Pada abad 18 terjadi industrialisasi di Eropa Barat dan Amerika Serikat. Dampak buruk industrialisasi telah mengakibatkan warga Eropa Barat dan Amerika Serikat untuk peduli dengan lingkungan binaan. Beberapa perancang kota terutama dengan latar belakang arsitektur menciptakan konsep-konsep utopis (ideal, angan-angan). Read more here…


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