Posts Tagged 'regional economics'

Thesis: Institutional Chapter

This chapter argues that state restructuring in decentralization and AFTA has not impact regional economic growth during the transition period in the last decade. The persistent regional disparities are viewed as the long-term effect from the centralized development from three decade earlier.

Research gaps and questions

To understand the impact of state restructuring to regional economic growth, this chapter provides analysis with institutional approach. The approach has been widely applied to studies in economics, urban planning and governance, and local polities dynamics. However, despite this broad application, institutional analysis has been absence in explaining institutional changes that occurs in state restructuring and its impact to regional development.

The above research gaps leads to the following research questions:

  1. What are the institutional changes that occur in state restructuring of decentralization and trade liberalization?
  2. To what extend does institutional change analysis explains regional economic performance?

IS INDONESIA READY TO DEVELOP A FREE TRADE ZONE?

As globalization reached the developing countries, including Indonesia, the only way to experience economic growth is to maintain economic competitiveness. One of the most popular geographic economy development concept is the growth centers, introduce by Perroux in the 1950s (Gore, 1984), which now has been customizing with several economic oriented regulations and privileges, known as a free trade zones (FTZ). This concept is believed to boost the economy and increase demand of workers. This short article tries to illustrate how this growth centre based concept practice in the real world. FTZ examples are Batam (Indonesia), Tanjung Pelepas (Malaysia), Subic (The Philipines), Shenzhen (China), and many more in the world. Read more here…

A COMPARISON STUDY ON FREE TRADE ZONE: DEVELOPMENT THROUGH SPATIAL ECONOMY CONCENTRATION ~ Abstract

In this globalization era, rich countries are getting richer and poor country getting poorer each year. Why only rich countries has higher turnover? With its limitation in resources, how could a second class country could compete?
Economy Geographic tries to answer with theories on agglomeration (concentration of economy activities). The economic analysis of agglomeration was based on Marshall, who identified three reasons for concentrations, which are pool market for workers and firms, specialize supplier and knowledge/technological spillovers. As a form of agglomeration, Free Trade Zone is established with infrastructure and privilege by the Federal Government to draw agglomeration. The areas usually are areas that have a good access to the production centre as well as to the market and predicted to grow rapidly with a Growth Centre position
This article tries to illustrate how this growth centre based concept practice in the real world. The comparison will be between three establish Free Trade Zone which are Batam (Indonesia), Subic (Philippines), and Shenzhen (People Republic of China). The comparison will be divided cause-effect list which are Competitive Factors and Performance Indicator Lists.
The comparison shows that Free Trade Zone will be more beneficial if it is supported with special privileges (tax holiday, special policy regime, etc). Moreover, alike with agglomeration, intermediate and final producer that has already located in the Free Trade Zone, will attracted more industries to the zone (self sustain). Lastly, there would be knowledge and skill transfer from the foreign company expertise to local workers. Overall, with additional statistical analysis, it is argued that Agglomeration through Free Trade Zone and additional policies will impact significantly on Developing countries like Indonesia

This paper was submited and presented at ISSM 2008 in Delft, The Netherlands, May 13th 2008

Perkembangan ekonomi regional Indonesia 1995-2005

Membahas sedikit tentang penelitian yang sedang dilakukan, saya mencoba menggambarkan secara sederhana perkembangan PDRB/kapita antara tahun 1995-2005 di 26 propinsi di Indonesia. Berdasarkan analysis dinamis yang dikembangkan oleh Quah (1993, 1996), analisis ini menjelaskan posisi masing2 (disebut State) propinsi berdasarkan tingkat PDRB/kapita. Read more here…


June 2017
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