Archive for the 'Writings' Category

Historical Institutionalism

The institutional approach offers a comprehensive analytical tool to overview institutional influence to variations in regional economic performance. The literature shows that neoclassical quantitative research is inadequate to explained economic development as it lacks to analyze institutions as the rule of economic agent behaviour and failure to recognize the role of historical embeddedness (North, 1994). The neoclassical economy focus on operation of the market and treat it as a single and independent subject leads to its lack of understanding on how and what really driven the economic development.

Specifically, this research applies historical institutionalism approach, refers to the study of how social and political institution structure interactions influence distinctive national trajectories (Hall and Taylor, 1996). The distinctive trajectories lies in the political theories, which institutions of polity and economic structure conflicts that causes unevenness, and in the structuralism that saw polities and economic as the principal factor of collective action and generating different outcomes. This study employs historical institutionalism to overview ways of variation in preexisting institutions, at local and national levels, that determine the degree of local capacity to establish institutions and policies necessary in economic development. This research studies the two characters of historical institutional approach, which are the critical juncture and feedback effects (Ikenberry, 1994), in understanding the persistent of Indonesian regional economic divergence.


Thesis: Institutional Chapter

This chapter argues that state restructuring in decentralization and AFTA has not impact regional economic growth during the transition period in the last decade. The persistent regional disparities are viewed as the long-term effect from the centralized development from three decade earlier.

Research gaps and questions

To understand the impact of state restructuring to regional economic growth, this chapter provides analysis with institutional approach. The approach has been widely applied to studies in economics, urban planning and governance, and local polities dynamics. However, despite this broad application, institutional analysis has been absence in explaining institutional changes that occurs in state restructuring and its impact to regional development.

The above research gaps leads to the following research questions:

  1. What are the institutional changes that occur in state restructuring of decentralization and trade liberalization?
  2. To what extend does institutional change analysis explains regional economic performance?

Remote Sensing

I think it would be useful to spread my knowledge in this subject so I wrote down basic methods that are commonly used in Remote Sensing analysis.

Enjoy !!

Single Band
Band 2 (Green) is useful for vegetation discrimination, water quality and chlorophyll concentration. Band 3 (red) is used to analyze the amount of chlorophyll in the vegetation. Since leaf chlorophyll absorbs red band energy, the lower the reflected energy, the greater chlorophyll amount.
Near-infrared band (band 4) picks up the portion of the reflected light spectrum created by the plant’s mesophyll leaf tissue. Consequently vigorously growing healthy vegetation has low red-light reflectance (due to its chlorophyll) and high near-infrared reflectance (due to its total biomass). Band 5 (shortwave infrared) is useful to analyze moisture levels in soil and monitoring plant vigor.

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London Great Fire and Town Planning 1666

In the seventeenth century, London was already a big and important trading city. Approximately, there are 400,000 inhabitants in London, including Westminster, Southwark, and other new quarters outside the wall. As a description, in those periods, London was already a wealthy and heterogeneous city.
The fire broke in the evening of September 1st and ceased in September 6th, before it broke again and really stops after a few months.
Read more here…

Kawasan WaterFront: Pemanfataan Keindahan Alam untuk Kenyamanan Masyarakat

Saat ini sangat dirasakan bahwa kota-kota besar di Indonesia belum memiliki wahan publik yang memadai. Salah satu kawasan kota yang dapat dijadikan tempat bagi masyarakat berinteraksi adalah kawasan tepi pantai/waterfront. Namun, kawasan ini belum dimanfaatkan secara tepat dan terpadu.
Karena dekat dengan pusat kegiatan perkotaan, kawasan tepi sungai umumnya sangat padat penduduk pendatang dan menjadi kawasan kumuh. Keberadaan perumahan liar dan pemanfatan sungai untuk keperluan sehari-hari mengakibatkan tingginya persoalan perkotaan seperti sampah, air kotor dan persoalan kesehatan lainnya. Dengan kondisi tersebut, kawasan tepi sungai menjadi kumuh dan aliran sungai menjadi tidak lancar. Hal ini menjadi salah satu penyebab banjir tahunan di Jakarta. Read more here…


As globalization reached the developing countries, including Indonesia, the only way to experience economic growth is to maintain economic competitiveness. One of the most popular geographic economy development concept is the growth centers, introduce by Perroux in the 1950s (Gore, 1984), which now has been customizing with several economic oriented regulations and privileges, known as a free trade zones (FTZ). This concept is believed to boost the economy and increase demand of workers. This short article tries to illustrate how this growth centre based concept practice in the real world. FTZ examples are Batam (Indonesia), Tanjung Pelepas (Malaysia), Subic (The Philipines), Shenzhen (China), and many more in the world. Read more here…

Perkembangan ekonomi regional Indonesia 1995-2005

Membahas sedikit tentang penelitian yang sedang dilakukan, saya mencoba menggambarkan secara sederhana perkembangan PDRB/kapita antara tahun 1995-2005 di 26 propinsi di Indonesia. Berdasarkan analysis dinamis yang dikembangkan oleh Quah (1993, 1996), analisis ini menjelaskan posisi masing2 (disebut State) propinsi berdasarkan tingkat PDRB/kapita. Read more here…

July 2018
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